For information about collections at the Northwestern University Library, you may visit their website.
Harold S. Hulbert Papers
Hulbert, Harold S. (Harold Stacey), 1887-1949
Northwestern University Archives
Deering Library, Room 110
The Papers of psychiatrist Harold Hulbert include notes and correspondence pertaining to his examination of John Kammerer, a convicted murderer executed February 13, 1925; and statements, reports, and evidence Hulbert obtained as a consultant in the celebrated Leopold and Loeb murder case of 1924.
Harold Stacey Hulbert was born January 27, 1887 at Newburyport, Massachusetts, the son of Palmer Stephen and Rosa M. (Stacey) Hulbert. He graduated from Oak Park (Illinois) High School in 1906 and took an M.D. degree from the University of Michigan Medical School in 1914. In addition to numerous medical positions, Hulbert served as a trial witness and prepared forensic case studies for a number of criminal trials, including those of Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb, and John Kammerer.
Hulbert served on the resident staff of Michigan's State Psychopathic Hospital in Ann Arbor, 1914-1917, and was a demonstrator in mental diseases at the University of Michigan, 1915-1917. He directed the Detroit Psychopathic Clinic, 1916, and worked with the National Committee for Mental Hygiene. Between 1917 and 1919 Hulbert was an officer in the United States Navy. From 1919 through 1929 he was an instructor and, later, an associate in neurology at the University of Illinois. For several years after 1929 Hulbert was a psychiatrist for child guidance clinics in Gary and East Chicago, Indiana.
From 1921 to his death Hulbert maintained a private medical practice specializing in neurology and psychiatry. He was known as one of the leading psychiatric expert witnesses of his time and in this capacity he prepared forensic case studies for a number of celebrated criminal trials. Hulbert was a defense witness at the 1924 murder trial of Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb.
Hulbert was a member of numerous professional, social, and fraternal organizations. From 1932 to his death he was an associate editor of the Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. He authored several articles and co-authored “Forensic Neuro-Psychiatric Examination of Testator” (1928) and “The Military Chaplain and His Parishioners” (1943).
Hulbert married Alice Margaret Jenks of Aurora, Illinois on April 21, 1917. The couple had two children: Harold Stacey, who died in childhood, and Margaret Helen (Mrs. Kenneth Buckingham Marble). Hulbert died on February 14, 1949.
This Collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.
Kammerer, John, d. 1925
Leopold, Nathan Freudenthal, 1904-1971
Loeb, Richard A., 1905-1936
The Kammerer materials were eparated from the papers of John H. Wigmore, November 18, 1987 (Accession 87-243); the Leopold and Loeb materials were separated from the John H. Wigmore Papers on June 21, 1988.
Kevin B. Leonard; November 19, 1987.
The case notes and Kammerer's writings are arranged according to an index prepared by Hulbert. The index, filed with the series, explains the nature or purposes of the various documents included. A few biographical materials pertaining to Hulbert are filed at the end of the series.
The Harold S. Hulbert Papers fill two boxes. The first box contains Hulbert's notes and correspondence pertaining to his examination of John Kammerer, a convicted murderer executed February 13, 1925 at Wheaton, Illinois. The second box contains materials relating to the Leopold and Loeb murder case of 1924, for which Hulbert served as a consultant.
Kammerer, a native of Bavaria, came to the United States in 1906. He claimed to have had a difficult and unhappy childhood. Kammerer had hoped to pursue studies leading to ordination in the Roman Catholic Church but was rejected from several seminaries. His experiences with the Church left him with a lasting bitterness toward its clergy. Kammerer held a series of marginal restaurant jobs in Chicago and the Midwest and made few acquaintances and friends. A minor dispute with one acquaintance, Otto Eder of Villa Park, Illinois, prompted Kammerer to kill Eder along with Eder's wife and three children on June 27, 1924. Police apprehended Kammerer for this crime on July 12, 1925, and he was indicted on October 9th of that year. Kammerer stood trial in DuPage County beginning December 1, 1924 and was found guilty on December 8th.
Hulbert was a defense witness at the Kammerer trial and attempted to convince the jury of the defendant's insanity. In this regard Hulbert quoted one juror who spoke after the verdict: “We knew he was crazy, Doc, but we also felt he was too mean to live, so we voted to hang him. Don't you feel badly; it was the information you got which made us realize he was both guilty and crazy.” (Box 1, Folder 3)
Included with Hulbert's examination notes are several of Kammerer's holographic writings, which describe his life, the Eder murders, other crimes committed, and the attempted poisoning in 1916 of George Cardinal Mundelein, Catholic Archbishop of Chicago. Hulbert believed that Kammerer, using the alias Jean Crones, was a primary suspect in this crime.
Hulbert considered authoring a book or article on Kammerer and his crimes but never completed the project.
The addition to the Harold S. Hulbert Papers consists of Hulbert's contributions as a consulting psychiatrist in the celebrated Loeb and Leopold case of 1924. Hulbert, in conjunction with Karl M. Bowman M.D., conducted lengthy psychiatric and physical examinations of Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb.
The contents of this addition include the write-up of these evaluations, the full confessions and statements by Leopold and Loeb to the authorities, photographic copies of check receipts, examples of handwriting, and examples of typewriting. The photographic copies appear to have been used as court evidence. Also included are the original ransom notes written to Jacob Franks concerning the kidnapping of his son, Robert.
Addition, Box 2
This addition to the Harold S. Hulbert Papers consists of Hulbert's contributions as a consulting psychiatrist in the celebrated Loeb and Leopold case of 1924. Hulbert, in conjunction with Karl M. Bowman M.D., conducted lengthy psychiatric and physical examinations of Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb. The contents of this addition include the write-up of these evaluations, the full confessions and statements by Leopold and Loeb to the authorities, photographic copies of check receipts, examples of handwriting, and examples of typewriting. The photographic copies appear to have been used as court evidence. Also included are the original ransom notes written to Jacob Franks concerning the kidnapping of his son, Robert.
Correspondence and Hulbert's Introduction to the Kammerer Case
Index to Hulbert's Abstract and Case Documents
Abstract of Crimes, Arrest, Trial, and Psychiatric Study of John Kammerer
Index to Case Documents (“Sections”)
Hulbert's Examination Notes
Hulbert's Notes Concerning Kammerer's Confession
Hulbert's Original Examination Notes
Hulbert's Post Verdict Examination Notes
Detective's Notes Concerning John Kammerer
Correspondence and Clippings
Parole Board Correspondence
Hulbert's Notes Concerning Jean Crones
Kammerer's Journal: “Autobiography, General”
Transcription (See Folder 14)
Kammerer's Journal: “Villa Park Quintuple Murders”
Transcription (See Folder 16)
Kammerer's Journal: “Contemplated Crimes and Murder List”
Transcription (See Folder 18)
Kammerer's Journal: “Miscellaneous Crimes”
Transcription (See Folder 20)
Kammerer's Journal: “Mundelein Banquet Poisoning and the Jean Crones Mystery”
Transcription (See Folder 22)
Harold S. Hulbert: Biographical Materials
Loeb & Leopold Case: Richard Loeb Psychiatric Evaluation by Karl M Bowman and Harold S. Hulbert
Loeb & Leopold Case: Nathan Leopold Psychiatric Evaluation by Karl M. Bowman and Harold S. Hulbert
Loeb & Leopold Case: Confessions and other statements of Leopold and Loeb
Loeb & Leopold Case: 3 Photographic copies of Ransom letter to Jacob Franks
Loeb & Leopold Case: Photographic reproductions of court evidence
Loeb & Leopold Case: Court envelope for Original ransom letter to Jacob Franks
May 21, 1924
Loeb & Leopold Case: Original instruction letter left in car Quarren # 507 in telegram rack
Loeb & Leopold Case: Original letter sent to Jacob Franks
May 21, 1924