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Finding aid prepared by FGB, 1964; KLT, 2007
© 2008 University of Chicago Library
Schilling, George A., Papers
0.75 linear feet (2 boxes)
Special Collections Research Center
George A. Schilling, labor movement leader and Secretary of the Illinois State Board of Labor Commissioners. The papers include five bound letterbooks, which span the period 1887 to 1907, correspondence, notes for and drafts of speeches, articles and letters, pamphlets, and miscellaneous items including clippings. The twenty unbound letters cover the period from 1913 to 1936.
Open for research. No restrictions.
When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Schilling, George A., Papers, [Box #, Folder #], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library
George A. Schilling was born in Baden, Germany in 1850. His parents, who left Germany as a result of the Revolution of 1848, brought George Schilling to Ohio in 1852. He was educated in the Ohio public schools and was a cooper by trade. Moving to Chicago in 1865, he joined the advertising department of the Arbeiter Zeitung, a German language newspaper of socialist leanings. His association with the newspaper continued until the 1890’s. Schilling, prominent in the trade union movement of the late 19th century, was a member of the Cooper’s Union and held a high executive position in the Knights of Labor. He was active in the Labor Party movement in 1886, which endorsed John P. Altgeld for a judgeship, a position Altgeld won.
With the election of Altgeld as Governor of Illinois in 1892, Schilling was appointed secretary of the State Board of Labor Commissioners and served in that post until 1897. He compiled its Eighth Biennial Report on Taxation, of which 20,000 extra copies were printed on demand. Schilling was also prominent in the Single-Tax movement. In 1903, he was appointed to the Chicago Board of Local Improvements, serving as its president from 1905 to 1907.
The papers of George A. Schilling consist of .75 linear feet and cover the period 1887 to 1936. The papers have been divided into two series: Letterbooks and Unbound Material. The papers include five bound letterbooks, which span the period 1887 to 1907, correspondence, notes for and drafts of speeches, articles and letters, pamphlets, and miscellaneous items including clippings. The twenty unbound letters cover the period from 1913 to 1936.
The following related resources are located in the Department of Special Collections:
Schilling, George A., b. 1850
Altgeld, John Peter, 1847-1902
Socialist Labor Party
Socialist Party (U.S.)
Knights of Labor
United Mine Workers of America
Labor movement -- United States
Haymarket Square Riot, Chicago, Ill., 1886
Woman -- Suffrage -- United States
December 4, 1894 - November 20, 1898. 145 p. State Board of Labor Commissioners, taxation and land monopoly, Anti-Convict Labor League
July 10, 1903 - November 16, 1905. 490 p., name index. Letters to Chicago and Cleveland mayors dealing with municipal reform
November 17, 1905 - December 18, 1906. 490 p., name index, Letters to Samuel Gompers, Altgeld, and others
December 18, 1906 - May 21, 1907. 182 p., name index, Chicago Board of Local Improvements, political correspondence
August 12, 1887 - September 2, 1888. 64 p. Advertising for the Arbeiter
Assorted notes and drafts of speeches, letters and articles by Schilling on social questions
Miscellaneous letters and drafts
Scrapbook--1896 clippings (Altgeld), pamphlets (Altgeld and United Mine Workers of America)